Pregnancy is a beautiful journey experienced by a woman. A woman experiences various relations throughout their life, from being a daughter to sister than from wife to mother. Among these many phases, the most beautiful experience in a women’s life is the phase of motherhood. However, it might be a challenging phase but a beautiful moment in her life.
Challenges Faced by a Woman During Pregnancy
So, focusing on the challenges faced by a woman during pregnancy, let us take a look that how this beautiful motherhood is also a challenging and courageous moment that a woman can overtake with a smile and tears of joy. When a woman gets pregnant, the first thing she wants to know other than the baby’s name is the growth and development of a baby. What can be the baby’s weight? Or is it possible to have a standard delivery or, in other words, vaginal delivery? So, during pregnancy, not only the weight of a mother gets affected but also the babies.
Weight is a significant indicator of one’s health. The baby’s weight also plays a vital role for both the baby and the mother’s health condition, not only during pregnancy but also throughout the lifetime. The weight of a baby affects health and increases the rate of mortality for both baby and mother during delivery.
Average Weight of a Baby
The average weight of a baby should vary from 2.5kg to 4.5kg. If the baby’s weight is below 2.5kg, it is termed as low birth weight (LBW), and if the baby weighs 4.5kg or more, they are considered a large baby or the technical term for this ‘fetal macrosomia’. The birth weight of a baby is a strong implication towards the health of a mother. Mothers nutritional status, and the chances of survival of the newborn baby and the long-term development and health of a child. Some women can deliver the baby vaginally or expected delivery when a baby weighs more than usual (i.e., 4.5kg <).
So, there are some cases where the baby weighs more than 4.5kg but does not face any difficulties or complications during the delivery time. But still, there are some complications associated while having a big baby. It’s not like a baby who weighs more only to create complications during pregnancy. Babies who’re less than normal-weight also develop complications during pregnancy.
So, there’s nothing like a fixed weight a baby should have for standard delivery. But it would be better if the weight of the baby ranges from 2.5kg – 4.5kg. It would help have a baby through standard delivery and reduce the chances of having any complications during delivery. Because sometimes, if the baby’s weight is more than average and the cervix isn’t opening enough despite solid contraction.
It will also lead to a stalled labor, and later it can lead to C- Section or Cesarean delivery. When the baby is big or more than normal-weight, then it would become difficult for a baby to move through the birth canal, which creates more complications and would become to deliver a baby vaginally and would lead to having C-Section or Cesarean surgery.
Other Reasons Which Reduces the Possibilities of Having an Expected Delivery
Though it’s not like the baby’s weight only creates difficulties for having expected delivery, there are many other reasons also which reduces the possibilities of having expected delivery. It can also be due to the mother’s pre-existing diseases, like if a mother has hypertension or she’s obese or having diabetes or any heart disease.
These all reduce the chances of having expected delivery or vaginal delivery and might allow undergoing C-Section or Cesarean delivery. C-Section or Cesarean delivery is a surgical procedure that is used to deliver a baby. C-Section or Cesarean surgery is much safer for baby and mother than vaginal delivery when a mother has any pre-existing diseases like heart problems or blood sugar level problems.
There are many reasons which create complications for having a standard delivery. Still, the baby’s weight also plays an essential role in having standard delivery or vaginal delivery and even throughout pregnancy. The importance of the baby does not create risks associated with delivery but also leads to many other issues. If the baby is more than average weight, i.e.,< 4.5kg, it may complicate a vaginal delivery and puts the baby at risk of having severe health problems after birth.
It creates problems for both mother and child. It can cause Genital Tract Lacerations for a mother, which means during delivery, a baby who’s having more weight injure the birth canal. The baby having more weight than usual can also heavy bleeding after the birth of a baby; this happens when uterine muscles won’t properly contract after giving birth. It can lead to a severe issue for a mother.
Complications if the Baby Weighs More Than Average Weight
Similarly, there are possible complications for the baby who weighs more than average weight, like they can have a lower blood sugar than usual. This can also develop metabolic syndrome like increased blood sugar level or having excess fat around the waist and cholesterol level, which increases the risk of having heart disease or stroke. There’s also an increased risk of jaundice among large babies.
Similarly, the low weight of a baby also creates many complications. It might not affect vaginal delivery or standard delivery. Still, it affects the health of the baby. If the baby weighs less than 2.5kg, it might increase the rate of mortality. The lower the weight of the baby, the more complications on health might be visible.
One can have an issue with improper internal organ function like problems in part of their brain, heart, lungs, intestines, and many more. A baby who weighs less than average weight can also face issues with the increase or decrease in the blood sugar level. As a baby having less weight than usual, they don’t have much fat, creating problems for staying warm. So, for that, they might need to be kept inside an incubator for the time being. Other than these, low-birth-weight babies usually face problems in their physical growth too.
Method to predict baby weight
There are methods where doctors try to predict the baby’s weight before birth by ultrasounds. Still, it is difficult to predict the accurate weight because ultrasounds are not very reliable to estimate fetal weight.
Often there’s nothing much we can do to control the weight of the baby inside the womb. But if a mother looks after herself during pregnancy by following a healthy diet, maintaining weight, avoiding stress, doing little physical activity, and having regular checkups and regular checkups will help to have a healthy pregnancy.
It also reduces the chances of having any complications during pregnancy or delivery. Which in turn may help in having a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.