vaccination chart for babies in india | new immunization schedule 2020 in india
Every parent wants their children to be safe. Here comes the importance of immunization schedule in India. You can keep your children protected from the life-threatening disease by getting them properly vaccinated. you cannot see your little bundle of joy getting pain from the vaccination shot. Though it is equally important to keep your baby safe from serious health problems.
An updated vaccine can start building immunity in your little one to make them fight against whooping cough, measles, mumps, meningitis, meningococcal disease, polio and many more. But to keep all the immunization details in mind is confusing. Read this article to gather in-depth information on the government vaccination chart for babies in india.
How Vaccines Work
As an underdeveloped immune system in children is incapable of recognizing a germ and producing an immune response, vaccines safely train the immune system to recognize and produce an immune response even before a real germ enters into the body.
Vaccines are either whole or a part of the infectious germs (viruses or bacteria) or certain molecules from these germs with no potential to cause a disease, but a high potential to elicit an immune response. They don’t cause disease yet provoke an immune response.
Vaccines make our immune system learn to recognize and combat these (weak) germs and develop a response specific to vaccine germs. As the immune system knows how to fight this germ now, when the real and active germ enters into the body the immune system works rapidly and effectively to eradicate these germs before they can cause any damage to the body.
This way, the child is capable of fighting germs and pathogens when they invade into his body and is protected from several life-threatening diseases.
Role of vaccines
Newborns, Infants, and Children are most susceptible to infectious diseases like measles, mumps, polio, rubella, meningitis, hepatitis, and many more because their immune system is not strong enough to combat germs causing these diseases. The immune system is a natural defence of the body against disease-causing germs (viruses and bacteria), which kills them as soon as they enter your body. It takes some time before a fully functional immune system is developed in newborns and children.
Germs and pathogens can easily escape from the immune system, enter into a child’s body, and cause several life-threatening diseases. Germs survive the immune system because an underdeveloped immune system in children fails to recognize them as nasty invaders and produce an immune response.
Immunization plays its role in saving newborns and children from several diseases, and also delivering mothers from birth infections like tetanus. Vaccination prevents many dangerous health problems. The importance of vaccination is prolonged. Below are the important roles of vaccines in your little one’s life-
Children usually catch infectious diseases very easily. Your child can be safe from infectious diseases with the help of vaccines. some major infections that can lead your child even to death. Shingles, pneumococcal disease, influenza, HPV, hepatitis B are diseases that can develop cancer.
This is why you need to keep vaccinating your little one. This can reduce the chances of transmission of these life-threatening diseases to the infants. It also lowers the rate of death from these unrivaled infectious diseases. Only vaccines can help to build your child’s immune system. Therefore, as a parent, your primary duty should be to properly maintain the vaccination chart for babies in india 2020 given by your pediatrician.
Children may get attacked by the diseases even after the vaccination. But a vaccinated child will not develop many complications. That means immunization can decrease the risk factor to some extent.
For example, after immunizing your little one with flu vaccination, your child will not develop severe complications. Rather, it will decrease the chances of getting hospitalized from your bundle of joy due to flu. On the other hand, immunization also prevents the chances of death that are associated with some of the cases of flu. Thus, vaccines build the immunity system strong and also protect your baby from these dangerous diseases.
Vaccination is so important that you can save the non-vaccinated children indirectly. For example, in a particular zone, if the maximum number of children get vaccinated, the rest of the children will also be beneficial with the impact.
To simplify, we can say, if a large number of children develop a strong immunity in them with the proper vaccination, the rest of the non-vaccinated children will also be protected. That means immunization can save even the non-immunized children from getting sick. This is known as herd immunity. This herd-immunity has an important role to prevent the diseases from the whole community.
Your young little one does not have the immunity to fight with all the infected micro-organisms. As a result, your child develops certain uneasy symptoms and gets infected. The immunization schedule in India prepares the child to keep away the harmful microorganisms to make them fit. Proper vaccination can also develop the effectiveness of some of the medicines. If a vaccine gets stopped during the onset of a disease, your child will need further treatment to fight with that particular disease.
In the vaccination chart for newborn, there are some vaccines available that help to fight with the other diseases. That means, along with their intended benefits, they also protect some of the other diseases.
Researchers explain these as the non-specific effects of vaccines. For example, in Africa, the measles vaccine decreased the one-third death rate of the other infectious diseases. In fact, in modern times, the risk of eczema and asthma decrease with an updated vaccination. So, your dear one can develop strong immunity and become able to combat other diseases with an updated vaccination.
You can save your children from various life-threatening diseases. So, we can say, vaccines are somehow very much cost-effective. As they protect your children from preventable diseases, your child does not need to go through the treatment.
Nowadays, the treatments of these diseases are very costly. So, the vaccination can also help to save your treatment expenditure a lot. So, we can say, immunization boosters not only give your child a healthy and fruitful life to enjoy, but it also benefits you economically.
Some of the diseases may arise from complications. Sometimes they can lead your little one even to death. If you vaccinate your child, he/she can build immunity to prevent those dangerous diseases. With the vaccination, a microbe is being pushed to the body of your child. Thus, the immune system of your child gets activated and can easily eradicate these harmful diseases.
There are some kinds of vaccines that can support your loved one for their whole life. While the effect of the other vaccines is getting decreased with time. They need frequent doses to make the immune system activated.
Vaccination is very important in a populated country, like-India. Many infectious diseases spread quickly in such a populated country and cities. Transmission of such infectious diseases increases through transportation, immigration and social gathering.
Ebola is such an infectious disease. Here, vaccines play an important role to control such infectious diseases from the quick transmission. Thus, vaccines can manage such epidemics more smoothly. So, as a parent, you need to keep vaccinating your munchkin to save them from these dangerous diseases.
Some terrible infectious diseases need medical treatment. Doctors use some antibiotics to treat these diseases. These antibiotics are not always helpful. Sometimes, overuse and misuse of those medications can create a resistant power to your child. Here lies another importance of vaccination. A vaccinated child can easily prevent these harmful diseases.
Last but not the least, vaccination can save both your time and economy. Nowadays, some of the reputed schools do not allow a non-immunized child to get admitted to their school. Because some of the diseases can get spread to the other children if contracted. Naturally, this contamination can prevent your child from regular life. Even you may cost economically to deal with the medical treatments. Instance-influenza can make your baby suffer for at least 15 days. That means, your child will not be able to attend his/her regular classes in school.
Reasons to keep children safe from vaccination
It is very important to keep your child vaccinated to keep them safe from all the health disorders. The 10 primary reasons to keep your children safe from vaccination chart for baby in india are stated below-
- Children are the magical gifts of God. Every parent wants their dear ones to be protected. But the immunity system of the infants is very low. As a result, they get easily affected by various health hazards. That is why you should follow the vaccination chart very carefully. These vaccines can make your little one’s immune system very strong. So, they can prevent all health issues. For example, we can say that Polio is eradicated by the immunization system in India. So, vaccination is one of the best ways to keep your children safe from all these preventable diseases.
- A vaccine is given to the child after a long study of research. The immunization is safe and secured. All the vaccines are well-researched by scientists, professors, and the Government. Though it is a bit painful for a small child. Sometimes, they develop redness, rash, allergy, itchiness on their skin. But this happens very rarely. Although this discomfort is better than the discomfort and pain caused by those preventable life-threatening diseases. So, the vaccination system in India is very safe. It can effectively save your child from serious diseases, like- uncomfortable legs, brain damage, death, hearing aids, paralysis, and many more.
- Some of the diseases can be prevented by vaccination. You can keep some of these diseases away from your child through vaccination. But, indeed, these diseases cannot be eradicated. Some of the diseases, like-whooping cough, measles, polio, and pox are still threatening the lives of some children. But a vaccinated child cannot be much affected with these dreadful diseases. On the other hand, the children who are not vaccinated are affected badly with these health hazards. Even they can make them hospitalized and sometimes to death.
- Although vaccination can wipe away all the major diseases from our country. But these diseases are very common even for the rest of the world. Thus, vaccination is very important to boost immunity to all children worldwide. Otherwise, the non-immunized children can get affected by international travelers. Even they can spread these diseases to the other children across the world. So, every parent must vaccinate their children to make them as well as the others live healthy and happy.
- Most of the children get vaccinated. But some of the children are too young to receive all the vaccinations. On the other hand, some children develop rash, redness, itchiness on their skin after vaccination. So, they want to skip the vaccination. Even some of the parents are not economically independent to support their children with all the immunization. So, it is essential to immunize your children as well as the whole family. It helps to prevent all the diseases from spreading in your family as well as the community.
- It is due to the advancement of modern science that can save your child from dangerous diseases. Due to safe vaccination, all these diseases can be completely eradicated to make your bundle of joy healthy. This reduces the chances of getting hospitalized with your children due to these dangerous diseases.
- Every child needs an immunization booster to make their immune system stronger. Even some of the renowned organizations also support the importance of vaccination for every child. Indian Academy of Pediatrics, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are some of the organizations that stress on immunization to make each child strongly immune.
- Vaccination not only saves your children from the risk of getting affected by those dangerous diseases but also it saves the whole of your community. If a maximum number of children are getting immune, it will automatically help to protect your family, neighbor, and the whole community. Thus, vaccination can prevent spreading diseases from your loved ones.
- If you do not vaccinate your baby, he/she can easily get affected by any of the health hazardous issues and fall sick. Not only that, but they also transmit the diseases to the other children those who are too young to get vaccinated. These newly affected infants can spread to the other family members of their house. Adults with a low immune system or those who are suffering from cancer can get affected quickly. So, to keep your child along with your locality and be free from all the illness, you need to immunize your kid.
- In modern times, vaccination can remove the diseases that can lead our earlier generation to death. Like- smallpox is being eradicated from the whole country with proper immunization. Nowadays, smallpox is removed from our country with the advancement of vaccination. Even the birth defects of a child can also be prevented with the help of proper vaccination. If the immunization system in India continues with this success rate, the future generation kids will not get affected by this harmful disease.
The government vaccination chart for babies in India given below provides a detailed description (in terms of age of the child, doses required, routes, and sites of administration) of immunization schedule 2020 in India for all vaccines included in UIP. A Catch-up schedule chart is also given which describes the timeline for a vaccine if it is missed at the scheduled time.
baby vaccination chart in India 2020
|Vaccine||Benefits||Age at first dose||Second dose||Third dose||Booster Dose|
|BCG||Prevents TB and bladder cancer||Birth|
|Hep B||Prevents Hepatitis B||Birth||4 weeks after dose||8 weeks after the second dose|
|Polio Virus||Prevents Polio||Birth||4 weeks after the first dose||4 weeks after the second dose|
|MMR||Prevents Measles, Mumps, and Rubella||Not before 9 months old||6 months after the first dose|
|DTaP||Prevents Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Acellular Pertussis||6 weeks||4 weeks after the first dose||4 weeks after the second dose||Booster 1: 6 months after the third doseBooster 2: 3 years after booster 1|
|Hib Vaccine||Prevents Haemophilus Influenza infections||6 Weeks||4 weeks after the first dose||4 weeks after the second dose||6 months after the third dose|
|Rotavirus Vaccine||Prevents Rotaviral diarrhoea||6 Weeks||4 weeks after the first dose||4 weeks after the second dose|
|Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine||Prevents Typhoid fever||9-12 Months||12 months after the first dose|
|PCV||Prevents pneumococcal meningitis and pneumonia||6 Weeks||4 weeks after the first dose||4 weeks after the second dose||12 months after the third dose|
|Varicella||Prevents Chickenpox||1 Year||3 months after the first dose|
|Hep A||Prevents Hepatitis A liver disease||1 Year||6 Months after the first dose|
|HPV||Prevents Papillomas, Warts, and cancers by HPV||9 Years||6 Months after the first dose|
This chart is reproduced from the Indian Academy of Pediatrics recommended immunization schedule 2018-19.
How to Read Vaccination Chart for babies in India
The vaccination chart given above is distributed into two parts. The first part describes the minimum age of the child for the first dose of a vaccine. The second part describes the interval between the subsequent doses of the respective vaccines. Now read the vaccination chart again and you will be able to easily understand it.
How to Catch-Up with Missed Vaccines
Has your child missed a vaccine at the scheduled time? Don’t worry. It happens. You can catch-up with the missed vaccines but the timeline will be a little different now. The vaccination chart given below shows the catch-up timeline for vaccines missed on scheduled time.
Catch-Up Vaccination Schedule Chart in India 2020
|Vaccine||Benefits||Min. Age for first Catch-Up Dose||Second Dose||Third Dose||Booster dose|
|BCG||Prevents TB and bladder cancer||Can be caught up till 5 years|
|Hep B||Prevents Hepatitis B||As soon as possible||1 month after the first dose||5 months after the second dose|
|PolioVirus||Prevents Polio||1 month||1 month after the first dose||6 months after the second dose|
|MMR||Prevents Measles, Mumps, and Rubella||12 months||4 weeks after the first dose|
|DTaP||Prevents Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Acellular Pertussis||Any time||1 month after the first dose||5 months after the second dose|
|Hib Vaccine||Prevents Haemophilus Influenza infections||Can be caught up till 5 years||4 weeks after the first dose||6 months after the second dose (Booster 1)||Booster 2: 6 months after booster 1|
|Rotavirus Vaccine||Prevents Rotaviral diarrhoea||Less than 4 months old||4 weeks after the first dose||4 weeks after the second dose.|
|Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine||Prevents Typhoid fever||Any time|
|PCV||Prevents pneumococcal meningitis and pneumonia||Age between 2-5 years old|
|Varicella||Prevents Chickenpox||Any time||If age at first dose is 7-12 years: 3 months after the first doseIf age at first dose is 13-18 years|
How to Read Catch-up Vaccination Schedule Chart
It is also as simple as the first chart. The first part describes what to do to catch-up with the missed vaccines. The second part describes the interval between the subsequent doses.
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Example: DPaT Vaccine. If your child missed a DPaT vaccine on scheduled time (to be given 6 weeks after birth), the first dose of catch-up vaccine can be given at any time as soon as possible, the next one should be given just after 30 days of the first dose. And the 3rd dose should be given after the time period of 5 months after the second dose.
Now read the chart again and you should easily understand the timeline for any missed vaccine of your child.
The negligence towards vaccines
The importance of vaccination is noteworthy. Most of the parents want their children to keep safe from all the mighty diseases. They take the immunization schedule in India to be the medical necessity.
But many parents do not want their infant to be vaccinated. Very few of the parents shake their hands with the anti-vaccination schedule movement. According to them, immunization boosters can develop autism. And this rumor has been spread widely with the help of the internet. But we all know that measles can be eradicated with the vaccination itself.
Researchers cannot prove the fact that vaccines lead to autism. But it is also true that they do not have enough evidence to break the above myth of those certain people. Some middle-aged people did not experiment with some of these preventable diseases to be deadly in their times. So, they did not welcome the vaccination programme to make them immune to their kids.
Although we cannot ignore those people who do not believe in vaccination. In modern times, doctors charge antibiotics to your kid to make them resistant against the bacteria. From this point of view, it can be said that the kid must be immunized.
Some vaccines can prevent the viruses that can cause another bacterial disease whereas other ones can fight with the bacterial diseases themselves. Therein lies the controversy between vaccination and antibiotics. Parents even become confused to choose the one between these two.
So, we can say that the confusion between vaccination and medication is a concerning topic of today’s parents. But a child cannot survive without immunization is not correct. In today’s world, medication has reached the highest peak in all of our country.
But it is obvious that as a parent you need to boost your child with stronger immunity to fight with the dangerous diseases. So, you just need to visit a pediatrician to get the exact vaccination chart for your child in India as per the age.
Things to keep in mind during vaccination
Some of the factors you need to remember during vaccination.
- Your pediatrician must give you the vaccination chart in India with price. Try to follow the scheduled date for each of the shots. After one vaccination, your doctor will give you the next date for the coming shot. Try to maintain that schedule properly. In case, you miss that date for some reason, please try to consult with your physician to know the alternative date for that vaccination.
- Your little one may suffer from fever, cold, loss of appetite, vomiting, or other health-related issues. In that case, please consult with your physician. Immunization cannot be done when your dear one is not well. Your doctor will reschedule your vaccination date.
- There are two major types of vaccines available, painful and painless. Your doctor can ask you which one will you prefer to be shot on your baby. So, you discuss with your doctor about the basic differences. Then make a firm decision. According to the experts, painless vaccines reduce the immunity of your baby faster than the painful vaccines.
- Always carry the immunization report of your toddler before visiting the doctor. Having the track of immunization is a must for pre-schooling and abroad travelling. You can also maintain a digital file to record your child’s immunization schedule.
- Avoid visiting your doctor all alone on the shot day. Take your spouse or some of your closed ones with you. That will help you to soothe your baby right after vaccination. You can take any of your baby’s favorite toys with you. That can distract your baby’s mind and make him/her normal very soon.
- If he is a toddler or a preschooler, you can explain to him about the shot that he is going to have. You can explain the pain to be as quick as a pinch for just a second. This explanation will prevent the anxiety that may grow within his mind.
- Your baby can suffer from fever after vaccination. You need not worry. This is the normal side effects of certain vaccines. Please take care of your baby well. You can give him a sponge bath to help to reduce the temperature. In case, the temperature stays for 2 long days, consult with your doctor.
- Try to make the vaccination easier for your toddler. You can continuously talk to him to make him distracted. If you have an infant, you can also breastfeed your little one during vaccination. The sweet taste of your breast milk can work as an instant pain-reliever for your little one.
- You need to properly hold your child at the time of the shot. You should not hold your child too tightly. That may develop anxiety or fear in them. On the other hand, also avoid holding very loosely. That may slip the needle. Embrace your child with your arms very gently but securely to avoid any misshaping.
- Many children develop a rash on the pinch point. This is normal. You can use the ointment to the point prescribed by your physician. This will go away within 2-3 days. You can give ice-cream to soothe your baby fast.
Do Vaccines Have any Side Effects
As with any medicine, there is always a chance of side effects with vaccines. Aa aa! Don’t worry. Moreover, the benefits of vaccination have always outweighed its minor and insignificant risks.
However, you should know some mild effects that may show on your child after a vaccination shot, so that you don’t panic don’t and think that the vaccine caused damage to your child. Non-specific minor side effects like a low-grade fever, headache, dizziness, tiredness, pain, redness and swelling at the injection site, and allergic reaction (very rarely) can occur with any vaccine. However, you must be sure that there is no significant harm in using vaccines for protecting your child from infectious diseases. Vaccines are always being monitored for their safety to use. Learn more here.
In this article, we have summed up the detailed description of the immunization schedule in India. You can educate yourself with this detailed guideline of this vaccination chart detailing. You can have all the detailing of the vaccination along with their importance and safety sides. Please go through the article to make a uniform idea. But please make sure to discuss the fact with your doctor before taking any action.