What are the complications of multiple pregnancy?
Few lucky people in the world get the blessing of multiple pregnancies. Is it a blessing or a health curse? Well, it is a blissful phase emotion and also a time of serious health concern. Every couple is overwhelmed when they get the news of multiple pregnancies or twins.
But after the good news comes the health of the child and mother remains the concern for a long time.. Complications, risks, concerns, fear all the negative thoughts surround the mother’s health that is pregnant with multiple pregnancies. But being extra careful during your nine months and proper medical attention can make your pregnancy period memorable.
What is Multiple Pregnancy?
Many people are confused about multiple pregnancies. People think being pregnant with twins is multiple pregnancies. Having a twin is twin pregnancies, but having triplets and even more, than three offspring is called multiple pregnancies. Delivering a child is the most painful experience of a mother but comes with the blessing of a new life. The body and life of women change in no time when she gets the news of her pregnancy. There are psychological, physical, emotion, social life, personal life everything changes during her nine of pregnancy. Let us know in detail about multiple pregnancies.
Causes of multiple pregnancies
During ovulation, the female human body produces eggs and fertilizes with the male gamete to form a zygote. The zygote in a few days develops in the uterus and forms a fetus. Before menstruation, few women might release more than one egg which, when fertilized with sperm forms two zygotes, otherwise after fertilization of a single egg, the fertilized egg splits into two resulting into identical embryos.
Splitting of a single fertilized egg or fertilization of more than one healthy female and male gamete causes multiple pregnancies. The chances of multiple pregnancies are rare, and a 35 year old woman or more are likely to produce more than one egg during ovulation. The chances of multiple pregnancies are less because the women do not produce multiple eggs and low fertility of male and female gamete.
The chances increase if having multiple pregnancies is genetic. 1 out of 50 women gets the rare experience of a successful multiple pregnancy delivery.
Types of multiple pregnancy
For humans to deliver more than one healthy baby, it is precarious and rare, unlike the animals. But there have been many cases that show us the types of multiple pregnancies in women.
Twins- most know about twins, but hardly people know it is one of the types of multiple pregnancies. When female and male gamete fertilizes and splits into two. They may be identical or may not because, in multiple pregnancies, nothing is guaranteed. The embryo splits into two, so they have the same DNA and character tics. The identical twins may or may not share the same placenta and amniotic sac. Mostly identical twins are referred to as monozygotic because they are two half of one egg.
On the other hand a fraternal twin is fertilized from two different eggs and has different placenta and amniotic sac. Fraternal twins are less risky because they do not share one placenta and amniotic sac. They are mostly referred to as dizygotic, which means from two different eggs. The babies may be of the same gender as two boys or two girls or may one boy and one girl.
Triplets- triples can be from splitting of a single egg into three or three eggs differently fertilizing. Triples are rarest like 1 in 50 deliveries. It is very risky if it is from the splitting of a single egg. There remains a high chance of premature delivery, which can be identical or fraternal. Mothers go through a very rough time while having triplets and mostly face miscarriage after a few months.
Higher-order multiples (HOMs) – quadruplets, quintuplets, sextuplets, or more- can be combined with identical and fraternal multiples. Once in a decade, some women have HOMs otherwise, it is perilous that both mother and children’s life is at risk. Mostly after a few months, women face miscarriage because the human body cannot carry that weight and provide proper nutrition to the womb.
Complications of multiple pregnancies
Every pregnancy has a complication, and morning sickness comes complimentary in pregnancy complications. You will put on weight; have mood swings, laziness, and many more during the nine months. Multiple pregnancies not only get you an extra child but also bring you more sickness, complications, and concerns. Let us know what you are facing the common complications in multiple pregnancies.
Preterm birth and labor– it is presumed that the more the number of fetuses in the pregnancy more is the chances of premature delivery. Mostly in cases of HOMs, the delivery is before 37 weeks, and the life of the children and mother remain at risk. In the case of many babies, all the organs are not appropriately developed if they are born before time.
With every passing day carrying multiple babies becomes risky because of the body weight increase.Gestational diabetes and high blood pressure- the chances of diabetes and high blood pressure increase when there is more than one fetus. The hormone secretion in the body is not sufficient for the fetus’s utilization, so it results in high blood pressure and diabetes.
Anemia and miscarriage- anemia is common in multiple pregnancies.
All months of multiple pregnancies are crucial, and due to many odd reasons, the child cannot develop inside the womb, and ultimately, mothers go through a miscarriage.
Abnormal amounts of amniotic fluid- when one placenta and amniotic sac is shared; there is an abnormal amount of amniotic fluid. You will put on unwanted weight and carry the children to become very difficult.
Cord entanglement – when the twins share the same sac, then in most cases, the umbilical cord gets tangled, so the mother is advised to see the doctor more often and take utmost care of her movements and postures.
Postpartum hemorrhage – The large placental area and over-distended uterus place a mother at risk for bleeding after giving birth.